Menard County

The results:
https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/96288916
https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/96288910
https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/96288917
https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/96288909

The trip was successful in that I found 3 females at Tenmile Crossing and got good photos.
The trip was unsuccessful in that I found no males, and every other prospective location was either inaccessible, not quite the right habitat, or void of Pardosa. The last included Llano. Perhaps downstream from town I might have been more successful.
So, these do appear to be a different species from mercurials and similar to one observed on private property nearby. Although you'd never figure it from the scientific description, I'm pretty sure these are Pardosa vadosa, and I will be able to work out a functional description for live female spiders at least.

Why is the grasshopper link here? Pardosa are always found with pygmy grasshoppers. I suspect Algae, Paratettix, and Pardosa are part of a year round food chain. The only difference between the lapidicina group species and other Pardosa seems to be a strong preference for streams, rivers, and lakes over ponds and ditches.

Eric

Αναρτήθηκε στις Σεπτέμβριος 26, 2021 1001 ΜΜ από eaneubauer eaneubauer | 0σχόλια | Αφήστε ένα σχόλιο

A Trip to Lake Berryessa

Saturday, September 25, 2021

I just woke up, it is 8am, and it is foggy outside here in Daly City. The weather is a little bit cold, the kind of weather that makes me feel like staying home all day. With the cold weather I feel like making something warm for breakfast. I have decided to make Moroccan green tea and french toast for breakfast. My plan for today is to take a break and go somewhere nice to clear my head and get some positive energy for the rest of the week. It is 10am now and me, my older sister, and my 3 year old niece are going to Napa City for the day. Napa is an hour and 10 minutes drive from home. We decided to go to Lake Berryessa near Napa as well. It is a beautiful and large lake where you go for a family picnic and you can swim in the lake as well. We are finally here in Napa City, it is 12:34pm, and the weather here is actually nice, warm, and sunny. We are going to get some food for lunch and then head to Lake Berryessa. I’m on the road heading to the lake and the road goes through a forest surrounded by trees and green mountains. I’m finally here at the lake, I feel a little bit dizzy from the road, too many turns and ups and downs. Feeling much better now after getting out of the car and getting some fresh air. The weather is actually much better and warmer than Napa, the temperature is 82 fahrenheit. It is almost 6pm and I’m about to head home. It was fun to come here today, I swam with my niece. Also, I rented a jet ski and took a long ride in the lake. It was so fun. I feel like I needed this today just to have fun and relax to refresh my energy to look positively forward to completing my school work throughout the week.

Αναρτήθηκε στις Σεπτέμβριος 26, 2021 0833 ΜΜ από nouhailatamine nouhailatamine | 0σχόλια | Αφήστε ένα σχόλιο

Red Junglefowl

Hello Everyone!

As the Red Junglefowl (Gallus gallus) is the second-most commonly identified species here in Key West, it is worth noting the following:

Red Junglefowl are native to Central and Southeast Asia and are the ancestors of domesticated chickens.

The chickens of Key West originate from birds used for cockfighting (can be classified as "gamefowl") and do more closely resemble the wild Junglefowl than other breeds.

In this case, some of the ancestors of Key West's chickens were bred in Cuba as Cubalayas beginning in the 1800s from stock originating in Asia but were then domesticated as they were bred selectively, and interbred with other breeds. They were brought to Key West for cockfighting as well. More interbreeding occurred with other breeds of domestic chickens. Cockfighting was eventually outlawed in the 1970s.

The chickens are now protected by the City -- it is illegal to harass, harm, feed, kill them. In some cases they are relocated to the mainland. The population is quite large and there are some issues with diseases affecting them (especially related to feeding them).

Gallus gallus is reserved specifically for the wild birds still present in Asia and in cases where those birds from Asia have been introduced elsewhere (without a history of domestication). It's worth noting that while domesticated chickens are prolific all over the world, the wild Red Junglefowl are facing many threats in their native habitat.

There was some recent genetic analysis done on Key West's chickens which I have requested an update on. I will post more information as it becomes available!

Based on the above, I will be curating existing records of Red Junglefowl to Domestic Chicken and encourage others to do the same.

If you have any additional information please feel free to share.

Not a lot of great publications on this specifically but here are some resources:

Best,

Marissa

Αναρτήθηκε στις Σεπτέμβριος 26, 2021 0651 ΜΜ από marissa3 marissa3 | 0σχόλια | Αφήστε ένα σχόλιο

My Inat milestones

5.1.2017 first observation added
https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/4898707

25.9.2001 18355 observations, 4000 species, 3227 RG species, 91 first inat observations
https://www.inaturalist.org/observations/96017953

Αναρτήθηκε στις Σεπτέμβριος 26, 2021 0649 ΜΜ από fero fero | 0σχόλια | Αφήστε ένα σχόλιο

Updates from Turkey Point Morning Flight Count - 9/19/2021

Observations from counter Daniel Irons - View updates on MBP's Special Projects' blog webiste!


It was a great two weeks at Turkey Point with several highlights and some solid flights.

Cape May Warbler © Daniel Irons

Temps are finally cooling down and leaves are starting to change; it’s really starting to feel like fall at the point. Several late-season species are arriving as well, this makes me look forward to what’s to come in October.

September 7th brought a nice diverse flight after a small cold front the previous evening. A fair push of Northern Parulas and American Redstarts was noted with 49 Parulas and 39 Redstarts counted. The highlight of the morning was the season’s first Connecticut Warbler.

Connecticut Warbler © Daniel Irons

The 8th also brought a fair diverse flight including our first Summer Tanager. The highlight of the morning was the season’s only Golden-winged Warbler.

Golden-winged Warbler © Daniel Irons

A strong cold front on the 9th sent temps into the 50s and set up a strong flight on the morning of September 10th. The stiff northwest winds brought in a strong push of Cape May Warblers. It was the most abundant species at the Point all morning. 273 Cape Mays were counted flying by the Point, a new high count for the state of MD. So far in the month of September, we’ve counted 711 Cape May Warblers bringing our season total to 813.

Cape May Warbler © Daniel Irons

The following day provided another good flight that included 45 Cape May Warblers and the second Olive-sided Flycatcher of the season.

Olive-sided Flycatcher © Daniel Irons

September 14th brought our first Red-breasted Nuthatch of the season. A total of 11 have been counted at the Point. This species will likely push south in small numbers this fall and winter, but nowhere near in the numbers they did last year.

Red-breasted Nuthatch © Daniel Irons

September 19th was another solid morning with a few notable counts of warblers and the season’s first Philadelphia Vireo. The first influx of Blackpoll Warblers was noted with 13 counted. Northern Parulas also showed well with 40 counted. Parula numbers have picked up in the last two weeks as we are now in the peak window for them moving south through our area. We’ve counted 504 Northern Parulas so far this season, 458 of those have been in September.

Northern Parula © Daniel Irons

We also saw a noticeable increase in Northern flickers on the 19th with 23 counted. Numbers of Flickers should pick up as we get closer to their peak flight season in early October.

Northern Flicker © Daniel Irons

Red-headed Woodpeckers are also currently moving through our area and Turkey Point is a great spot to see them in active migration. Since the first arrived at the point on Aug 31st, 36 have been counted.

Red-headed Woodpecker © Daniel Irons

The next couple weeks look promising with lots of northerly winds and a few strong cold fronts. With October just around the corner, many of the late-season migrants and some winter residents should be showing up.

Thanks for reading!

Daniel

Visit MBP's Turkey Point Bird Count project page for more information and view updates on MBP's Special Projects' blog website.

Αναρτήθηκε στις Σεπτέμβριος 26, 2021 0629 ΜΜ από jacquelinepalacios jacquelinepalacios | 0σχόλια | Αφήστε ένα σχόλιο

Reservoir Walk 9/26/21

I took a nice walk around the Chestnut Hill reservoir. The weather was very warm and sunny. There was also a 5K supporting a cat shelter going on around the reservoir which was cool to see because I love cats. As I continued to walk, I noticed a person fishing. I watched as he reeled in the line, but he did not catch anything. Many cute, fluffy dogs were being walked as well. There were a variety of green plants, but not many flowers. I really like trees, so I was glad to see there were lots of trees providing shade along the trail.

Αναρτήθηκε στις Σεπτέμβριος 26, 2021 0619 ΜΜ από abbywalks abbywalks | 5 παρατηρήσεις | 0σχόλια | Αφήστε ένα σχόλιο

Flora von Offenbach online

In Frankfurt schon alles gesehen?
Vor kurzem wurde das Projekt Flora von Offenbach gestartet. Bisher gibt es nur recht wenige Beobachtungen aus dem Offenbacher Stadtgebiet (und davon sind einige eigentlich sogar verrutschte Datenpunkte aus Frankfurt-Fechenheim...). Ein krasser Gegensatz zu Frankfurt, das nach Berlin wohl die am stärksten bei iNaturalist dokumentierte Stadtflora in Deutschland aufzuweisen hat.
Wer also mal einen kleinen Ausflug über die Stadtgrenze unternehmen will, ist herzlich eingeladen zu diesem neuen Projekt beizutragen. Mehr Infos hier: https://www.inaturalist.org/projects/flora-von-offenbach
In den 1960er Jahren ist eine umfangreiche gedruckte Flora von Offenbach erschienen. Auch danach kümmerten sich Ehrenamtliche weiter um die Erforschung der Offenbacher Natur. In den letzten Jahren sind diese Aktivitäten aber etwas in den Hintergrund getreten. Dabei verändern sich natürlich auch die Stadt Offenbach und ihre Flora und sind auf jeden Fall mehr als einen Ausflug wert.

Einen schönen Sonntag wünscht
das Zebra

Αναρτήθηκε στις Σεπτέμβριος 26, 2021 0404 ΜΜ από zebra1193 zebra1193 | 0σχόλια | Αφήστε ένα σχόλιο

Planificación proyecto

Se está realizando una planificación a la hora de organizar las actividades que se van a desarrollar en el río jándula y donde el proyecto logrará cumplir su objetivo y meta

Αναρτήθηκε στις Σεπτέμβριος 26, 2021 1242 ΜΜ από ameco ameco | 0σχόλια | Αφήστε ένα σχόλιο

Phylogeny placement for few observation made on Mount Royal Park

Tsuga canadensis also known as Canadian hemlock.
Clade: Tracheophytes
Division: Pinophyta
Class: Pinopsida
Order: Pinales
Family: Pinaceae
Genus: Tsuga
Species: T. canadensis
Eastern hemlock is generally confined to areas with highland climates, with cool and humid conditions. And though it survives heavy snowfall in this region, the mid-Holocene decline of hemlock populations is a much-studied phenomenon.

A much common adaptations of the popular observations made by the group members would be eastern white pine and maple. But I will mention only maple for the common interest.
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Sapindales
Family: Sapindaceae
Genus: Acer
Species: Acer sect. Rubra
In fall, the leaves of this genus turns all red, like it's on fire!

Another unique observation I made is bush honeysuckle. Phylogeny placement :
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Dipsacales
Family: Caprifoliaceae
Genus: Diervilla
Species: D. sessilifolia
It blooms in summer and is drought tolerant. It can be found in bluffs, along slopes and stream banks, and bordering woodlands. It is a threatened species in Tennessee.

Αναρτήθηκε στις Σεπτέμβριος 26, 2021 0553 ΠΜ από atiaislam atiaislam | 3 παρατηρήσεις

Cypress Hills Provincial Park Lepidoptera Survey

To date, survey work has led to the documentation of 17 families and 150 species in the park. Of those listed 4 are considered rare and are 12 uncommon, of these 1 species only known from this park. As for S-rankings there is 1 S1S2 and 3 is S2S3 species.

To learn more and see the species list visit: https://www.researchgate.net/project/Cypress-Hills-Provincial-Park-Lepidoptera-Survey

Αναρτήθηκε στις Σεπτέμβριος 26, 2021 0459 ΠΜ από mothmaniac mothmaniac | 0σχόλια | Αφήστε ένα σχόλιο

Results from 2021 California Biodiversity Day in the Park

Well, not a huge a huge number of observations were made in the Wilderness Park on California Biodiversity Day – only seventeen. (Actually, it should be "Days", as California counted observations made from September 4 – September 12.)

Among the seventeen observations were 14 different taxa, of which 11 could be identified to species. You can check them all out here. None of the taxa were new this year.

You can also see photos of Friends at the Park on the Friends' blog.

Because the Park was closed on California Biodiversity Day 2020, our only previous Biodiversity event in the Park was in 2019. That year, when the event only lasted for two days, forty-eight new observations were reported to our iNaturalist project, and thirty-seven different species were reported, including 13 species not previously reported to iNaturalist for the Park.

This year's results seem a little disappointing compared to 2019, but I think several factors contributed to the lower numbers this year. One is that the COVID-19 pandemic is still having an effect. At least one person articulated a hesitancy to participate in a potentially crowded situation with people of unknown vaccination status, and at least two of our scheduled volunteers could not attend because they were in quarantine due to a potential COVID-19 exposure. Another factor was the weather. On the weekends, when most people come to the Park, the average high temperature was 87°F in 2019 but 99°F this year. Whew! In addition, access to Evey Canyon, where most of the new species were observed in 2019, is more difficult this year with the closure of the parking lot at the entrance. Lastly, it's not surprising that we are seeing fewer new species, as a lot of species have been filled in during the intervening two years. As our species list becomes more complete, observations of new species will naturally become rarer.

If you have observations from Sept. 4 – 12 that you haven't posted yet, don't worry. We will keep collecting them indefinitely. And all Observations made in California on those days (including the ones from the Wilderness Park) are also collected on the statewide California Biodiversity Day project run by the California Department of Natural Resources.

Our next planned iNat event in the Wilderness Park will be for the City Nature Challenge on April 29 -May 2, 2022. Observations made in the Park will count for LA County, which enters as a "City". We also plan to have an event in the Wilderness Park again next year for California Biodiversity Day. Although the official dates have not yet been announced, we expect it will be September 3 – September 11, 2022. Mark these dates on your calendar now!

Αναρτήθηκε στις Σεπτέμβριος 26, 2021 0347 ΠΜ από nvhamlett nvhamlett | 0σχόλια | Αφήστε ένα σχόλιο

The cross of the donkey as a social signature

(writing in progress)

Everyone knows that a typical marking in the colouration of the donkey (Equus asinus) is a cross on the withers (https://www.cfgphoto.com/photo-76699.htm and http://llmcalling.blogspot.com/2012/04/do-all-donkeys-carry-cross.html and https://www.primrosedonkeysanctuary.com/donkeyscross.htm and https://www.alamy.com/new-forest-hampshire-uk-2nd-may-2019-uk-weather-overcast-in-the-new-forest-national-park-hampshire-cute-donkeys-at-cadmans-pool-legend-has-it-that-the-cross-on-the-back-of-a-donkey-is-the-shadow-of-the-cross-as-the-donkey-stood-at-the-foot-of-the-cross-when-jesus-died-the-cross-is-clearly-seen-on-the-back-of-this-donkey-as-it-grazes-credit-carolyn-jenkinsalamy-live-news-image245127926.html and https://www.assn9ranch.com/cross.htm and https://morningbrayfarm.files.wordpress.com/2011/04/cross.jpg and https://myfarmtasticlife.files.wordpress.com/2015/04/sweetiepieandthecross.jpg and https://www.istockphoto.com/photo/rear-view-of-donkey-gm119574061-14670197 and https://www.tripadvisor.com.ph/LocationPhotoDirectLink-g186402-d7348820-i275673905-The_Donkey_Sanctuary_Birmingham-Birmingham_West_Midlands_England.html and https://www.tripadvisor.co.uk/LocationPhotoDirectLink-g190743-d584768-i281530503-The_Donkey_Sanctuary-Sidmouth_Devon_England.html and https://www.sandrinephotos-espritnature.fr/index-fiche-58531.html).

However, who understands the adaptive value of this pattern?

All equids have a social habit in which two individuals caress each other while facing in opposite directions (e.g. https://www.alamy.com/stock-photo-burchells-zebra-zebra-common-zebra-equus-quagga-burchelli-equus-burchelli-76116253.html and https://www.pbjconnections.org/horses-show-affection/). This caressing is centred on the withers, although it extends to the neck and rump.

Mutual caressing has been assumed to be a form of grooming, the main value of which is to keep the skin and pelage in good health. However, at least for the donkey, this does not stand up to scrutiny, for the following reasons.

Firstly, close observation shows that the nibbling of the skin and fur tends to be repetitive on the same spot, rather than spread-out (see https://www.shutterstock.com/nb/video/clip-1026897098-two-wild-burros-donkeys-grooming-one-another and https://www.facebook.com/watch/?v=10154986477310267).

Secondly, the main method of self-care of the skin and fur in the donkey is by rolling in dust. Unlike the horse (Equus caballus), the donkey does not shake its body after dust-bathing, leaving the fur dusty instead.

This reliance on dust can best be understood in the context of the semi-arid climate to which the donkey remains adapted. Whereas the horse relies for thermoregulation in hot weather on sweating, the donkey sweats little even in the heat, relying instead on reflecting solar radiation by means of the relatively coarse and long fur. It seems natural for this fur of the donkey to function with a continual dressing of dust, which is not licked off.

If so, could it be that mutual caressing in the donkey is not about grooming as much as social facilitation, i.e. 'good manners' rather than 'good hygiene'? The idea is that the cross on the withers might provide visual reinforcement for an experience that is mainly tactile and olfactory.

The donkey has extremely well-developed senses of sight and smell. It is also more playful in adulthood than is the horse.

Caressing a partner is no doubt as powerful olfactorily as it is pleasant in the tactile sense. This is something that we humans hardly find to be obvious because our sense of smell is minor and we fail to perceive even our own intimate kissing as the mainly olfactory experience that it objectively is.

If this line of thinking is correct, the pattern of colouration on the withers of the donkey might be called a dorsal semet (please see previous Posts for explanation of the term 'semet').

But why would the donkey alone, among equids, have a well-developed visual feature of this kind?

The answer might possibly lie in the social behaviour of the main ancestor of the donkey. The African wild ass (Equus africanus) is like all equids in tending to be gregarious, but it is extremely adapted to stony semi-deserts capable of supporting only sparse populations subject to the climatic vagaries.

Partly because the African wild ass cannot live in permanent groups and can congregate only in a limited way and opportunistically, its associations among individuals tend to be transient and, to some extent, promiscuous (https://ielc.libguides.com/sdzg/factsheets/africanwildass/behavior). Because equids are far longer-lived than like-size ruminants, a given individual is likely to change its companions over the years.

When two individuals meet and stand to benefit from staying together for a while, the same problem arises whether they are strangers or former acquaintances. This is (re)habituation, using whichever 'social lubricant' is appropriate to the species in question.

A well-known example of social facilitation, beyond equids, can be found in the bonobo Pan paniscus, which engages in genital caressing well beyond any sexual function.

The erratic and even promiscuous sociality of the African wild ass may have tended to be perpetuated in domestication, partly because the donkey, used mainly in the poorest of human societies, has traditionally been owned as a single individual rather than a group. Its socialisation has thus remained opportunistic rather than predictable.

Is it possible, then, that in the following photos we see not just another case of equids grooming each other (as in the horse and zebras), but rather an interaction analogous - in its own way - with kissing and stroking, in which the pleasant sensations are reinforced by the visual cue of the cross on the withers? And in which the individually variable cross (http://decors.se/drabardi/22dun.html) helps acquaintances to recognise each other after long absences?

https://www.canstockphoto.com/2-donkeys-grooming-each-other-41344006.html
http://www.farmgirlfare.com/2008/05/saturday-farm-photo-grooming-session.html
https://www.gettyimages.ie/detail/video/donkeys-grooming-each-other-stock-footage/685114298
https://www.deviantart.com/orlandoseahorse/art/Donkeys-grooming-each-other-799673623
https://www.bedlamfarm.com/2021/03/27/the-annals-of-animal-love-donkey-sisters-grooming-each-other/

Αναρτήθηκε στις Σεπτέμβριος 26, 2021 1211 ΠΜ από milewski milewski | 0σχόλια | Αφήστε ένα σχόλιο

Journal Entry 1

My research experience on Inaturalist was new, exciting and insightful. This app turned out to be an interactive supportive community where many people collectively identified local species of plants, insects, trees and more. I found it very interesting to study local trees in my project and got to see what observations other researchers had made about the local species of trees around Montreal.

One unique adaptation for my selected observation of Basswood tree was that I saw that a few leaves were on the ground and that this was a deciduous tree that loses its trees in the winter. It has adapted to the Montreal cold winter and hibernates in the Winter.

An adaptation that most of my observations have in common is that they were all mostly deciduous trees! That lose their leave in the Winter!

Αναρτήθηκε στις Σεπτέμβριος 25, 2021 1157 ΜΜ από esha_sarfraz esha_sarfraz | 0σχόλια | Αφήστε ένα σχόλιο

Helpful Tips and Resources for Beginner (Plant) iNatters



First impressions matter.

iNaturalist isn't just a website to post your observations, but a community of people. It can be daunting at first, especially if you don't know the hidden manners and norms. Lots of people will post observations that will never get identified due to minor mistakes, and many get a bad impression and leave.


These images show some common hiccups with rookie users (I'll go over these in detail below): bad photo exposure, unfocused/blurry pictures (though this one can be persistent—my camera focus is evidence), taking photos of cultivated plants, unaware that they should be marked captive/cultivated and that iNaturalist is focused on wild organisms (this can frustrate people when their observations get marked as casual), taking photos of the whole tree/plant, but no closeup of leaves/flowers, By the way, these are all my photos from old observations. I was once one of you!

However, get past the newbie troubles, and you will find a knowledgeable and welcoming community, and a powerful tool that could change your life! This is here to help you get a good introduction.



Making observations count: https://bushblitz.org.au/wp-content/uploads/2020/06/BackyardSpeciesDiscovery_Factsheet-2_Make-your-observations-count.pdf
Getting Great Plant Photos in iNaturalist: https://www.inaturalist.org/projects/abisko-plants-and-phenology/journal/17621-getting-great-plant-photos-for-identification-in-inaturalist

These two are probably the most useful in my opinion. Some other resources (I'll probably add more):

Official iNat guide: https://www.inaturalist.org/pages/getting+started
Random Tips: https://www.inaturalist.org/posts/5360-tips-for-making-inaturalist-observations



I've noticed a lot of common errors by users that eventually dissuade them from using iNaturalist. For the sake of all of us, I'll address them below. Fix these hiccups, and I guarantee you will get more ID's and enjoy iNaturalist better!

1: Taking pictures of cultivated plants—without knowing the norms for that

This is probably the most common. People will take picture of ornamental flowers in garden beds, planted trees, potted succulents. That's completely fine! Sometimes I'll find an interesting cultivated plant and want to know what that is. With these plants, however, you should mark them captive/cultivated, so that they'll be casual observations. iNaturalist is focused on wild organisms, and a plant in a garden placed there by a human is not Research Grade material. If you're confused on what counts as captive/sultivated, iNaturalist has definitions and examples here: https://www.inaturalist.org/pages/help#captive
In terms of identifying that unknown plant in your garden, you can always use the iNat AI. You just won't be able to verify those observations with other people, since most identifiers don't identify Casual observations.

2: Photos for the same plant spread out in multiple observations.

Unknowing users who take multiple pictures of plants (which is good!) often post each photo in its own observations. I don't understand why. Maybe they aren't familiar with the system, or don't realize they can put multiple photos in an observation. Whatever the case, I'll just say that in most cases, if it's a photo of the same organism, put it in the same observations. Sometimes I'll even put photos of groups of organisms together, (multiple violet ruellias that are near each other, for example) as long as they appear to be the same species .

3:Blurry/Unfocused/Overexposed photos

While technically there's nothing wrong with these, it is definitely a lot more difficult to ID things if it's hard to make out details.
In terms of blurry/unfocused photos, there are some ways to deal with this. If the plant is moving due to wind, let that die down before taking a shot, of if the wind is relatively weak hold it with one hand to keep it steady. For plant parts that are just fine and thin, which will cause the camera lens to focus to the background instead of the foreground, you could put your hand behind the plant so it focuses closer up (or use a piece of paper, or a notebook). If you know how to manually adjust your focus, that will also help.
Sometimes an plant will be contrasted (maybe sunlight hits some leaves but not others, or half of a flower), and that'll cause the camera to adjust the exposure to either the bright area and make everything else really dark, or to the dark area and make the bright area really bright. I make sure to keep my lighting relatively even (all bright under sunlight, or all dim). If I have a problem with exposure I'll usually huddle over a plant with my shadow so that the light is all even.
As for taking pictures at night... I got nothing. Someone help me out here!

4: Photos of the entire plant (the whole tree or bush), but without any close-ups of leaves or flowers

For identification (at least for plants), you'll need close, clear images of leaves and flowers. Overall images showing the entire tree are usually not useful. Sometimes it can be helpful (for distinguishing the multi-trunked Ashe Juniper and the more tree-like Eastern Red Cedar, for example), but most of the time it is not necessary.
Another note: Some plants require more specific features to be identified. You can usually figure that out by asking around the community or checking identification guides—here's a hub for some of those.

If an user corrects you, or marks a observation casual, don't take that personally! Most of them are just trying to help you learn these hidden "rules". Usually when I correct users or point mistakes out I make sure to keep my tone friendly so you don't misinterpret my feelings. Others might not, and tone can be hard to convey in just words. Keep that in mind!



A good way to learn how to make good observations are to look at other people's observations. After all, there are plenty of veteran users who have stellar observations!
Make observations wherever you can—walking to a class during school, around the parking lot of a supermarket, etc. The more observations you make, the more experience you'll get.

About geoprivacy obscuring observations (If you want to obscure observations near your house, for example): https://www.inaturalist.org/pages/help#geoprivacy
Info on how to use Google Photos to back up photos: https://www.businessinsider.com/google-photos-backup
I suggest downloading photos from Google Photos onto your computer, and then uploading them, as iNat can be fussy about Google Photos sometimes.

I also suggest that you do not start identifying plants until you are well versed with them—say maybe 100-200 observations.

I implore anyone who read this to share this with anyone who might find these tips handy!

Adapted from another location for convenience






Αναρτήθηκε στις Σεπτέμβριος 25, 2021 1059 ΜΜ από arnanthescout arnanthescout | 0σχόλια | Αφήστε ένα σχόλιο

Oct 16th - Volunteers needed for biosurvey of future Lake Arlington Native Garden site.

Arlington Water Utilities and Tarrant Regional Water District are teaming up to create a native plant demonstration garden and prairie restoration at the Lake Arlington Spillway. Before any construction efforts get underway this fall, we would love your help documenting existing biodiversity on the site. The project site is currently a field of low-growing grasses and forbs, both native and non-native, surrounded by low-lying fields with wetland vegetation and bordered by native trees. The site is owned by Arlington Water Utilities and only accessible with permission via a gated entrance.

We are hosting our first biosurvey on Saturday, Oct. 16th from 8am to 10pm. We would love to have anyone interested to join us in documenting the flora and fauna of the site. You can come anytime throughout the day and stay as long or as little as you like. Snacks will be provided under a covered area with chairs for relaxing and socializing.

If you are interested in volunteering, please sign up at this link: https://www.signupgenius.com/go/10c0f4eaaaa2ea4fcc61-lake. After registration, we will send an email with directions to the site, instructions for entering the gate and signing in, and a map of the area to explore. If you would like more information not included here, please contact Kimberlie Sasan on iNaturalist at @kimberlietx or by email at kimberlietx@gmail.com.

Αναρτήθηκε στις Σεπτέμβριος 25, 2021 0958 ΜΜ από kimberlietx kimberlietx | 6σχόλια | Αφήστε ένα σχόλιο

Great Kererū Count day 10

Welcome to the very last day of the Great Kererū Count.

As with previous years, we will leave the observation page on the website and the Great Kererū Count 2021 Project page on iNaturalist open until 10 pm Monday the 27th September - So please make sure you get your observations in by then to make them count. We will then pull down all the data Monday night and have preliminary results as soon as possible (hopefully before the end of the week)

On a personal note, we would like to thank everyone that has taken part in the Great Kererū Count over the past eight years - this project could not have happened without you and your love for kererū

Ngā mihi nui,
Tony & Amber

Urban Wildlife Trust | Kererū Discovery | Great Kererū Count

Αναρτήθηκε στις Σεπτέμβριος 25, 2021 0946 ΜΜ από kererucount kererucount | 0σχόλια | Αφήστε ένα σχόλιο

-UPDATE- #2 Bioblitz, NEW DATE OCT 2

Hello everyone,

Unfortunately, the weather is looking pretty dicey tomorrow, the trail becomes quite boggy and floods with the rain, because of this we have decided to put off the Archibald Lake hike and bioblitz until this upcoming Saturday, October 2nd at 10am - if it's still a rainy one next Saturday we'll play it by ear, though with the right gear it can still be a lovely wet wander!

The inaturalist polygon: Archibald Lake - Guysborough County is an open project to add any observations if you'd like to head down there on your own time. Check us out on twitter and instagram @ArchibaldLake for updates and news. Please reach out with any questions or concerns.

See you next Saturday, we hope you can make it and let's hope for a fine day for our accompanying artists and a bit less soggy!

Cheers!

Αναρτήθηκε στις Σεπτέμβριος 25, 2021 0919 ΜΜ από zetsybeth zetsybeth | 1 σχόλιο | Αφήστε ένα σχόλιο

Day 2 of European BioBlitz!

It's been a great Day 2 of the European BioBlitz 2021

You may or may not have known but the observations you have made on the 24th and 25th of September have gone towards the world’s first ever 48-hour continental BioBlitz! So far as of 5pm we have 28,128 Observations, 4,720 Species, 970 Identifiers, and 6,032 Observers.

We just want to say a huge THANK YOU to everyone who has taken part so far and to keep up the fantastic work!!

We would love to know what you think and get your feedback to help us tell our funders why we should be doing this again next year! Please complete this short feedback form to help us with future projects:
https://standrews.eu.qualtrics.com/jfe/form/SV_26owVghTFwpyHOe

We have had lots going on over the past couple of days including live interviews which have been recorded, you can find them here:

Live Interview with Maike Brinksma
https://fb.watch/8eWbc9t9qI/

Live Interview with Eva Perrin
https://fb.watch/8eWaisIQLA/

Live Interview with Buffy Smith
https://fb.watch/8eW9uOUa_x/

Live Interview with Stephanie Seargant
https://fb.watch/8eW8cxPzGa/

Live Interview with Chris Talkin
https://fb.watch/8eW7mVbjI3/

And quizzes which you can find in the highlights sections of our Instagram account (@ern_intersections).

If you see this message before midnight, please adventure outside to snap those last few photos before the clock runs out!

A massive thank you again to everyone who has been involved - your hard work will help shape conservation efforts, support scientific research developments and land management.

Αναρτήθηκε στις Σεπτέμβριος 25, 2021 0434 ΜΜ από festofnature festofnature | 1 σχόλιο | Αφήστε ένα σχόλιο

Fall 2021 Nature Walk (ALP)

On Wednesday, September 22, we went on our Nature Walk to Oakland Lake near our campus. We saw a singing unicyclist, a crawfish, geese, turtles, and swans. We even saw some early signs of autumn.

For this assignment, I'm taking you outside of our Blackboard discussion board to the iNaturalist app so you can share your observations and photographs with your classmates. We will go on three Nature Walks, all of which lead up to an essay you will write later on in the semester. We are starting to gather evidence for that project now.

Please respond to this prompt with:

One observation about Oakland lake as an urban greenspace. Use sensory details to describe what you saw. If you took a picture and identified with the iNaturalist app, use the scientific name of your observation.
Upload a picture if you have one.
NOTE: If you are not using your QCC email, please make sure to include your first name and last name initial in your post (ex: Marie J.).

Αναρτήθηκε στις Σεπτέμβριος 25, 2021 0358 ΜΜ από proflago proflago | 0σχόλια | Αφήστε ένα σχόλιο

Blue Buttons

Blue buttons are making an appearance in Florida this week! Blue buttons are jelly-relatives, and have two main parts: the float, which is the round structure in the middle (the button), and the tentacles radiating out the side, which are usually bright blue! Although Blue Buttons resemble jellyfish with their tentacles, they can’t swim like jellyfish and instead float on the surface, using their tentacles for prey capture. Some of their favorite foods include small shrimp and other crustaceans, and they are often preyed upon by sea slugs and floating snails.

As always, it has been great seeing what everyone is finding! We would love to chat with our iNaturalist members during our first virtual meeting on October 3rd at 2:00 pm EST (11 am PST, 8 am HAST, 7 pm BST) anyone is welcome to join, just message us for the link!

Thanks for sharing your finds!

-Ari Puentes

Αναρτήθηκε στις Σεπτέμβριος 25, 2021 0345 ΜΜ από goseascience goseascience | 0σχόλια | Αφήστε ένα σχόλιο

Fall 2021 Nature Walk (FN)

On Monday, September 27, we went on our Nature Walk to Oakland Lake near our campus. We saw a singing unicyclist, a crawfish, geese, turtles, and swans. We even saw some early signs of autumn.

For this assignment, I'm taking you outside of our Blackboard discussion board to the iNaturalist app so you can share your observations and photographs with your classmates. We will go on three Nature Walks, all of which lead up to an essay you will write later on in the semester. We are starting to gather evidence for that project now.

Please respond to this prompt with:

  1. One observation about Oakland lake as an urban greenspace. Use sensory details to describe what you saw. If you took a picture and identified with the iNaturalist app, use the scientific name of your observation.
  2. Upload a picture if you have one.

NOTE: If you are not using your QCC email, please make sure to include your first name and last name initial in your post (ex: Marie J.).

Αναρτήθηκε στις Σεπτέμβριος 25, 2021 0344 ΜΜ από proflago proflago | 0σχόλια | Αφήστε ένα σχόλιο

Расширение проекта

В структуру проекта Биота Самарской области добавлен портал Biota of Samara Oblast: needs ID backlog (https://inaturalist.org/projects/biota-of-samara-oblast-needs-id-backlog). Желающих предлагаю подписаться на новый портал.

Αναρτήθηκε στις Σεπτέμβριος 25, 2021 0333 ΜΜ από vladimirtravkin vladimirtravkin | 0σχόλια | Αφήστε ένα σχόλιο

Today, just found observations can be accessed by web browsers in Shenzhen, Great! Thanks!

Αναρτήθηκε στις Σεπτέμβριος 25, 2021 1232 ΜΜ από joshua_sz joshua_sz | 0σχόλια | Αφήστε ένα σχόλιο

Well done everyone!

Thanks to everyone who turned up and gave the Seek and iNaturalist apps a go, and to everyone who volunteered their time to support us in finding things in the field and in identifications. It was a really fun two days and great to meet everyone.

I see that many records are now being commented on by the wider iNaturalist community - with some being upgraded to "research grade". So do keep an eye on your accounts and do see if you can work with the iNaturalist community to maximise the value of your records.

At the moment I can see 162 observations, of 101 species, from 23 observers. A helpful person at iNaturalist has pointed out 3 other accounts to me that were busy logging from Treborth, but who had not joined the project. I have messaged them and am hoping there is a way they can join their records to the BioBlitz project. If they can they will increase our totals. I could manually compare their species listst to the project list, but that'd be quite a lot of work, the automatic proejct reporting tools in iNaturalist are one of the great benefits.

Have a great weekend,
Dr Alison Cameron

Αναρτήθηκε στις Σεπτέμβριος 25, 2021 1038 ΠΜ από bgyaca bgyaca | 0σχόλια | Αφήστε ένα σχόλιο

Elementary Guide for Mushroom Photography

Deutsche Übersetzung / German translation

Many observations on iNat only show the top view of mushrooms and some observers than might wonder why they never get identifications. The reason is that the top view belongs to the rather uninteresting aspects of mushrooms, the bottom side of the cap is much more exciting.

Example:
© lpsedillo
This picture could stand not only for different species but even for completely different mushroom families.

Only the bottom view of the cap reveals the truth:

© lpsedillo
This is a hedgehog mushroom, with fine spikes on the bottom side of the cap.

© kalomu
And this is a golden chanterelle, with thick gills on the bottom side of the cap.

Remember - viewed from top both mushrooms nearly look identically.

Here are some very elementary rules:

  • Take several pictures so that at least the top and bottom of the cap and the stem are visible.
  • At least one image should show the mushroom in its natural environment (not exclusively in the frying pan).
  • Photograph several fruiting bodies if possible.
  • For many types of mushrooms, a photo with a vertical cut through the fruiting body is helpful, or at least a photo of a crack if there is no knife available.

@kalomu, @lpsedillo Thank you for sharing your photos.

Αναρτήθηκε στις Σεπτέμβριος 25, 2021 1035 ΠΜ από wormsy wormsy | 0σχόλια | Αφήστε ένα σχόλιο

Like-size dog vs donkey: a contrast in pace of life

Imagine that you live on a small farm where you keep Minidonk, the smallest donkey you know, together with Maximutt, the biggest dog you know.

Your two pets are about the same size, and they play together in the paddock behind your house.

Which pet costs you more to feed, and why?

Your first thought may be 'the dog of course, because the donkey can graze for herself', but the question is much deeper than that. So deep that if you figure out its biological meaning you may never see your pets - or any other animals - in the same way again.

Maximutt burns up energy much faster than Minidonk does. This is not because he is a carnivore but because canids have a fast pace of life in a physiological sense, whereas equids have a slow pace of life in the same sense.

Even if you lived in a waterless area, and you had to buy all the straw needed by Minidonk, feeding your donkey would still cost you much less than feeding Maximutt.

Behold the body size of the smallest-bodied breeds of the donkey: https://soumo.eu/cute-donkeys-10/ and https://www.guinnessworldrecords.com/world-records/shortest-donkey and https://www.dailymail.co.uk/video/news/video-1609300/Video-Tiny-Tim-Mini-Donkey-enjoys-playing-pillows.html and https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MIQKlHSD89E and https://www.alamy.com/old-man-riding-a-donkey-in-a-mountain-village-image158358068.html and https://travel.mongabay.com/china/images/china_104-8142.html.

Now behold the body size of the largest-bodied breeds of the domestic dog: https://es.123rf.com/photo_654533_giant-dog-and-woman.html and https://imgur.com/gallery/OhYPphE and https://www.distractify.com/p/wolfdog-kill-shelter-rescue and https://www.dreamstime.com/beautiful-woman-big-fluffy-dog-nature-caucasian-guard-sheepdog-image212481454.

Obviously your pets, one derived from large ancestors and the other derived from small ancestors, have come to converge in body size through selective breeding in domestication. But how close has this brought them in pace of life - the rate at which the animal uses resources physiologically, as reflected by its metabolism, growth, reproduction, and senescence?

The answer is: much less than you might assume.

This thought-experiment is worth doing because body mass is one of the most important descriptors of any organism. Other factors being equal, the smaller the body the faster its pace of life per unit mass of the body. However, Maximutt is an exorbitant pet and like-size Minidonk an economical one because even mammals similar in body size can differ in pace of life as part of their ecological niches.

In the case of the dog, wild ancestors weighing perhaps about 15 kg have been stretched via selective breeding into modern breeds weighing more than 50 kg. In the case of the donkey there has been scant selective breeding for minimal body size, but wild ancestors weighing perhaps about 250 kg have nonetheless been compressed enough to produce individuals weighing as little as 90 kg.

Given that more of the weight of the body is gut contents in donkey than in dog, we should make a discount to correct for the difference in gut-fill. This brings the maximum body mass in the canine species to perhaps 60 kg, comparable with perhaps 75 kg as the minimum body mass of the equine species.

Bone probably also contributes more to body mass in the donkey than in the dog: equine jaws are particularly solid and the bones of hoofed feet are likely to be denser than those of pawing feet. How could miniatures of the donkey carry adult humans if their feet were not made of really strong bones?

So, after discounting both gut-fill and non-metabolising matter in the form of teeth and bone, we probably have the same mass of flesh in Minidonk, the smallest individual of the donkey, as Maximutt, the largest individual of the dog.

Now, why is it that the flesh of Minidonk has a far slower pace of life than the flesh of Maximutt?

Well, African wild asses (ancestors of the donkey) are adapted to stony semi-deserts - poor environments beyond the mainstream of life. They have evolved to cope with a poverty of resources by slowing down their consumption of food and water, and thus even their breathing (though oxygen is not in short supply). And this economical way of life remains in the donkey because selective breeding concentrated on making the animals docile and obedient, and at the same time as cheap as possible to keep.

So it is in the nature of equines - and particularly the donkey - to metabolise, grow, and reproduce more slowly than do canines. The selective breeding of particularly large or small individuals has affected the species-specific physiological processes relatively little because these processes are genetically 'hard-wired' in the wild ancestors with their respective niches.

The body temperature of Minidonk is only about 36.6 degrees Celsius, whereas that of Maximutt is about 38.7 degrees Celsius. This difference of two degrees - which remains even in miniatures of the donkey and giants of the dog - makes a great difference to the rate at which the cells use energy and oxygen, consume food, produce wastes, and wear out.

Partly because his metabolism is so much more rapid than that of Minidonk, you can expect Maximutt to become senile by ten years old (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aging_in_dogs). Minidonk may become senile only after 30 years. This three-fold difference is a biological clue to the cost of life from day to day.

Though you do not intend to breed your pets, consider the divergent gestation periods. If Minidonk were to conceive, she would give birth after about one year. By contrast, any mate of Maximutt would gestate for only about two months regardless of how large-bodied she is (https://www.researchgate.net/publication/276212655_Factors_affecting_pregnancy_length_and_phases_of_parturition_in_Martina_Franca_jenny and https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/8122353/).

Despite the donkey gestating so much longer, its litter sizes are about tenfold less. The donkey bears only one at a time, whereas large-bodied breeds of dog bear on average about ten. The maximum, recorded for a Neapolitan mastiff, is 24 newborns (https://www.akc.org/expert-advice/dog-breeding/average-litter-size/#:~:text=A%20normal%20litter%20size%20can,according%20to%20AKC%20registration%20data), compared with a maximum of only two in the donkey. This difference in fecundity is consistent with the donkey being long-lived whereas the dog is short-lived.

So return now to watching your two pets playing in the paddock, and this time imagine that the oxygen they are breathing is being combusted rather than metabolised. Can you see that Minidonk would look like more like a glow, and Maximutt brighter, more like a blaze? The fire of life only smolders, as it were, in the donkey because frugality is its niche in life, just as it was for the ancestral wild asses.

Because money is a proxy for resources, particularly energy, imagine the different paces of life of your two pets as a measure of how rapidly you need to pay to maintain their lives. Do you now see the real reason why Maximutt is likely to be more expensive than Minidonk?

Αναρτήθηκε στις Σεπτέμβριος 25, 2021 0851 ΠΜ από milewski milewski | 2σχόλια | Αφήστε ένα σχόλιο

Elementare Pilzfotografie-Basics

English translation

Viele Beobachtungen hier zeigen einen Pilz nur in der Aufsicht, und die Beobachter wundern sich dann vielleicht warum sie nie eine Bestimmung erhalten. Der Grund dafür ist, dass ausgerechnet die Aufsicht zu den uninteressantesten Aspekten von Pilzen gehört. Viel spannender ist die Unterseite des Hutes.

Ein Beispiel:
© lpsedillo
Diese Bild kann nicht nur für viele verschiedene Pilzarten, sondern sogar für völlig unterschiedliche Pilzfamilien stehen.

Erst die Unterseite bringt die Wahrheit an den Tag:

© lpsedillo
Hier handelt es sich um einen Semmelstoppelpilz, mit feinen Stacheln auf der Hutunterseite.

© kalomu
Und hier handelt es sich um einen Pfifferling, mit Leisten auf der Hutunterseite.

Wohlbemerkt - von oben betrachtet sehen beide Pilze praktisch gleich aus.

Hier ein paar sehr elementare Regeln:

  • Mehrere Aufnahmen machen, sodass zumindest die Hutober- und unterseite sowie der Stiel sichtbar sind.
  • Zumindest eine Aufnahme sollte den Pilz in seiner natürlichen Umgebung zeigen (also nicht ausschließlich in der Bratpfanne).
  • Möglichst mehrere Exemplare fotografieren.
  • Bei vielen Pilzarten ist eine Aufnahme mit einem vertikalen Schnitt durch den Fruchtkörper hilfreich oder zumindest ein Foto von einem Anbruch, falls kein Messer vorhanden.

@kalomu, @lpsedillo Thank you for sharing your photos.

Αναρτήθηκε στις Σεπτέμβριος 25, 2021 0811 ΠΜ από wormsy wormsy | 0σχόλια | Αφήστε ένα σχόλιο

Moth Night is back

Moth Night is back
This year as part of the Great Southern Bioblitz Saturday night is Moth Night, set up your fancy gear or just leave the backl ight on and observe and upload to iNaturalist.org all the moths you find and help the #GSB2021 reveal the amazing #biodiversity of the southern hemisphere. learn more 👇👇👇👇
http://ow.ly/l31p50Gf4Yx
join the project here
https://www.inaturalist.org/projects/moth-night-2021-a-great-southern-bioblitz-project
🇪🇸 Moth Night está de vuelta
Este año, como parte del Great Southern Bioblitz, el sábado por la noche es la noche de la polilla, configure su elegante equipo o simplemente deje la luz de fondo encendida y observe y cargue en iNaturalist.org todas las polillas que encuentre y ayude a la # GSB2021 a revelar la increíble #biodiversidad de el hemisferio sur
🇧🇷 Este ano, como parte do Great Southern Bioblitz, sábado à noite é Moth Night, configure seu equipamento sofisticado ou apenas deixe a luz de fundo acesa e observe e envie para iNaturalist.org todas as mariposas que você encontrar e ajude o #GSB2021 a revelar a incrível #biodiversidade de o hemisfério sul

@natthaphat @vicfazio3 @dustaway @erikamitchell @tdavenport @felipecampos @dawicho @ignacio-de-la-torre @eerikaschulz @diegoalmendras @wild_wind @ecoman @davidclarance @petersteward @elliotgreiner @rafnuss @oudejans

Αναρτήθηκε στις Σεπτέμβριος 25, 2021 0810 ΠΜ από stephen169 stephen169 | 0σχόλια | Αφήστε ένα σχόλιο

Fish Egg Sacs / larva

Is there a way of identifying fish from the egg sac or larva? I have found all sorts of colours & shapes washed up on the beaches around Western Port Bay. I've never noticed these before.

Αναρτήθηκε στις Σεπτέμβριος 25, 2021 0524 ΠΜ από mskimh mskimh | 2 παρατηρήσεις | 0σχόλια | Αφήστε ένα σχόλιο

Useful Websites to assist with naming marine flora and fauna from WesternPort

Some useful websites for identifying items on the shores of Western Port, Victoria, Australia

https://portphillipmarinelife.net.au
https://seagrass.com.au/discover-western-port/regional-flora/seagrass-species/

Αναρτήθηκε στις Σεπτέμβριος 25, 2021 0521 ΠΜ από mskimh mskimh | 0σχόλια | Αφήστε ένα σχόλιο
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